The game of Carnevale is divided into rounds, which are then divided into activations. Players alternate activating characters, moving clockwise around the board, until all players have activated all of their characters. Each character may only be activated once per round.
Once all players have activated all of their characters, the round ends. At that point players resolve any effects that last until the round ends. Players also check for victory conditions according to the scenario once a round ends. If no player has won, then another round begins.